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STATEMENT of Russian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to COP28 - Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in Dubai

Russian NGOs emphasize that based on scientific evidence, including the latest IPCC (IPCC)  reports, the 3rd assessment  report of Roshydromet and reports of other states, all countries have recognized the dominant role of humans in modern climate change and the need for urgent action to radically reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, adaptation to climate change. 

To date, the pledges and agreements of countries are critically insufficient. Despite the fact that almost all major emitting countries have declared their intention to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050-2060, these statements are not backed by concrete actions. The world is on a trajectory of a 3-3.50 C global temperature rise by the end of the century, which is not in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement (PA). Urgent action is needed and it is important to ensure dialog and decision-making during the negotiations of the COP parties - together and with the participation of representatives of civil society and vulnerable groups.

The international mechanism to systematically track global progress towards the Paris Agreement goals (Global Stocktake (GST) should not be interrupted at COP-28. Identified backlogs and gaps in mitigation, adaptation, loss and damage, and the provision of funds to support climate action by developing countries, must be addressed through clear measures that integrate the results of the GST into concrete actions. 

 We call on countries participating in the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC to take immediate action:

 

1. On adaptation, loss and damage issues

  • Ensure the launch of a financial mechanism for loss and damage that guarantees the effective participation of all developing countries and prioritizes small grants directly to the most vulnerable groups of the population. 
  • Ensure both prompt compensation for material losses in case of emergencies due to climate change impacts and support for mitigation of losses from slow-onset adverse climate impacts.
  • Ensure that adaptation grants are at least doubled by 2025, prioritizing the weakest vulnerable countries.
  • Ensure priority development of projects that serve to conserve and restore natural ecosystems for climate change adaptation, biodiversity conservation and preservation of traditional lifestyles and activities of local people.

 

2. In matters of mitigation and nationally determined contributions (NDCs)

  • Significantly strengthen the GHG emission reduction targets for 2030-2035, update the NDCs, and develop internationally coordinated integrated plans to achieve them, taking into account all sources of anthropogenic emissions. These targets and plans should lead to the achievement of the COP targets.
  • Ensure coal phase-out by 2030. By the same time, take all necessary measures to reduce oil and natural gas production. 
  • Abandon any new fossil fuel (FF) extraction and exploration projects.
  • Prioritize mitigation measures that lead to real GHG emission reductions, namely: RESs and energy efficiency measures. 
  • Provide incentives and support mechanisms for the development of RES-based microgeneration to reduce the anthropogenic burden on the climate by reducing the use of fossil fuels in the energy sector.
  • Do not replace direct GHG mitigation measures with carbon capture and storage (CCS, CCUS) and transition to “intermediate” forms of FF, as this is ineffective in achieving climate goals and substitutes for a just energy transformation. We strongly do not support the development of CCS technologies as an alternative to direct emission reductions.
  • Avoid environmentally damaging solutions (nuclear power plants, large dam hydroelectric power plants). Nuclear power not only cannot solve the problems of climate change, but can also create problems of radioactive waste and radiation accidents and disasters. 
  • Pay special attention to benefit-oriented approaches that ensure both adaptation and reduction of GHG emissions. 
  • Assess the socio-economic situation for the SAR countries and FF-dependent regions, develop joint action plans for energy transition and economic diversification, taking into account social protection of the population, retooling of enterprises, retraining of personnel and other necessary measures. 

 

​3. On the issue of mechanisms and instruments of interaction between the parties to the PA

  • International climate projects should be transparent, take into account public opinion and the Sustainable Development Goals, and encourage the use of renewable energy and other advanced technologies. 
  • Develop transparent and effective rules of the Sustainable Development Mechanism of the COP (Article 6), excluding double counting of emission reductions. We believe that cross-country transfer of GHG emission reduction results at the national level or carbon units from projects is not an effective tool to fulfill the COP targets, as this solution substitutes direct actions to reduce emissions at source. 
  • Adopt a universal taxonomy based on uniform principles that excludes sustainable development mechanism projects for Article 6 purposes based on fossil fuels, nuclear and large river dam hydropower technologies, municipal solid waste incineration, and hydrogen fuels produced from nuclear power and fossil fuels. 
  • Strengthen actions to conserve natural ecosystems that are GHG sinks.
  • Develop natural climatic projects that promote mitigation and adaptation (protective plantations, climate smart forestry, improved pasture management, agroforestry, watering of drained peatlands, etc.).
  • In connection with the aggravation of the problem of natural and, in particular, forest fires, especially in the forests of boreal and temperate climatic zones, it is necessary to improve the international system of monitoring the areas of these fires, based on the data of remote, including space, observation. It is necessary to develop systems for rapid fire detection and suppression, including those based on unmanned systems. Data should be used as the basis for internationally recognized estimates of forest fire areas and their impact on the climate-regulating role of boreal and temperate forests.
  • Develop international initiatives and tools to monitor and limit emissions of methane and other GHGs other than CO2 from anthropogenic activities, as well as other climate-active substances, including black carbon.

 

4. In matters of financing

  • End direct and hidden subsidies to non-renewable energy, while protecting the most vulnerable social groups and economic activities from possible increases in energy prices and from changes in the structure of the economy associated with a shrinking FF sector. Ensure that FF and energy producers are held fully accountable for damage to the planet’s environment and climate system.
  • Reorient FF subsidies to support renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and reorient economies towards a green path especially in the most FF-dependent countries. 
  • Mobilize trillions of dollars in grant funding to implement an equitable and rapid energy transition to renewable energy in developing countries.
  • Ensure total climate finance of at least $600 billion over the next 5 years. 
  • At least half of climate finance should be allocated to adaptation and mitigation grants for the most vulnerable countries.

 

Statement adopted at the All-Russian NGO Climate Conference on November 23, 2023 with the participation of representatives of environmental organizations from 6 federal districts of Russia.