The outcome of the UN Climate Conference, held in Copenhagen from 7 to 19 December, was "Copenhagen Accord", a non-binding document that disappointed all those who hoped to prevent catastrophic climate change impacts in the future. The Russian Socio-Ecological Union believes that the conference results do not meet the global challenge of reducing anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and adaptation to the impacts of climate change.
17th of December at the Bella Center remained about 300 observers from the 16 thousand registered earlier. 18th of December the Secretariat has promised to admit about the same number of public observers, but anyway NGOs has no access to the plenary sessions
On 17 December President Medvedev signed a Climate Doctrine for Russia - even as prospects for a political agreement at the climate summit in Copenhagen fade. The Doctrine is a strategy document, which sets out Russia’s steps to use less power to create the same economic benefits. The signing of the Doctrine was timed to Medvedev’s visit to Copenhagen. Unfortunately, the eight months that passed since the Russian Government approved the Doctrine) were irretrievably lost for its application in Russia - the world¹s third CO2 emitter.
On December 15, the High (ministerial) segment of the climate negotiations in Copenhagen started. There are almost no chances of reaching a legally binding agreement. This morning, the President of the Conference Connie Hedegaard, the Danish Minister for Environment and Energy, resigned from both positions. Last night, a representative of the Russian delegation mentioned nuclear energy as a tool to combat climate change. Today, public organizations are limited in access to the building of the conference.
The Russian Socio-Ecological Union believes that boreal forests must be reflected in the climate agreement along with tropical forests, and they should be given considerable attention, as the largest natural carbon sinks. This was the opinion of participants in the debate, which took place on 14 December Klimaforum - parallel floor of the international climate conference in Copenhagen.
On 14 December, representatives of Russian NGOs – observers to the UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen, handed the Open Letter to Alexander Bedritsky, Advisor to the President of Russian Federation on issues of climate change. In the Letter, the NGOs call for continuation of the talks under the working group on the Kyoto Protocol, to officially announce the inappropriate character of transfer of unused quotas from the Kyoto period to future periods, and not to consider nuclear energy as a renewable energy source and as a technology that could contribute to climate change mitigation.
Today’s publication on the President’s blog again emphasises Russia’s position on climate policy and efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (need in joint efforts, differentiation of developed/developing countries, account of Russia’s forests as a contribution to GHG emissions reduction, increasing energy efficiency by 40% by 2020 and increasing share of renewable energy sources, in particular, nuclear energy).
The Russian Socio-Ecological Union calls for constructive position of Russia at the climate talks and for strong pledges on emission cuts. Meanwhile, the RSEU is categorically against the plans to develop nuclear energy and does not consider it as a possible solution to climte change problem.
On December 12, on the World Day of Climate Action, over 100 thousand people took part in the demonstration in Copenhagen to draw attention to climate change, with the general requirement to political leaders around the world: to adopt an equitable, ambitious and legally binding agreement on climate.
Members of the Russian Socio-Ecological Union that work at the international climate conference in Copenhagen as NGO observers, took part in a number of side events as experts. The events include: press conference of Russian NGOs “The Russian Climate Policy”, seminars “Education for sustainable energy and reducing GHG emissions”, “False promises of nuclear energy”, action “Don’t Nuke the Climate”. The daily newsletter “Below 2 Degrees” http://below2c.wordpress.com published NGO critical vision of the talks.