Climate Actions

The upcoming UN climate conference in Paris can become a turning point for the international climate negotiations. Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change intend to sign a new global agreement before the 21st session ends on December 11.

Another round of climate negotiations within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change finished in Bonn, Germany. One of its main objectives was to facilitate the preparation of the text of the future Paris agreement, which is due to replace the Kyoto protocol. The draft document became shorter, yet the contradictions did not decrease, in neither number, nor magnitude

Russian environmental NGOs are concerned about the unacceptably slow pace of the preparation of the new UN climate agreement, as well as the fact that both the agreement itself, and the countries’ announced national pledges are insufficient for containing the global warming even within the 2-degree limit – while we should be aiming for 1.5.

The different scales of regional climate change in temperate latitudes of the Asia-Pacific region marked change in climatic conditions at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries in half a century time scales of 50-60 years, as well as inter-annual and multi-year fluctuations that depend on the phase of half a century of hesitation and under certain conditions can lead to an increase in the frequency of extreme climatic events.

The problem of climate change was one of the key topics at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly held this September. Leaders of 193 countries, including Russia, have announced their positions on ways to sustainable development.

In late July 2015, Russia became the member of IRENA, the International Renewable Energy Agency. Environmental NGOs hope that this is going to help boost Russia’s renewable energy sector development.

Energy efficiency was one of the main topics of the climate conference that took place in Bonn, Germany. Experts who took part in the technical meeting of the past negotiation session set a task for the governments of the world – to reduce the cities’ energy consumption on an urgent basis. This challenge is extremely actual for the Russian cities.

The work on the new international agreement that is due to be adopted at the climate summit in Paris in the end of this year continues. What are the main points of the new document? Are politicians’ plans close to what is expected from them by lay citizens? We decided to compare the preliminary text of the future agreement to the opinion of lay people who took part in global citizens’ consultations on climate and energy that took place as part of the global World Wide Views on Climate and Energy initiative

The main concern of the book are climatic systems feedback mechanisms and their probable influence on climate in connection with the anthropogenic transformations in the bed surfaces underlaying hydroelectric dams in the process of their construction and maintenance. Also important is boreal forests extinction in the catchment basins of rivers under regulation.
Climate variability is taken into account in the design and operation of hydroelectric dams and is founded on environmental regulations and legislation on safety for hydro-technical buildings.
Climate events related to disasters in different parts of the world confirm that studies discussed in the book are of burning importance.
The book could be of interest to specialists in geo- ecology as well as to students of environmental departments of universities and a wide audience concerned with these problems.

The recently published IMF report reveals data demonstrating that global fossil fuel subsidies are much greater than previously thought. The IMF calls the revelation “shocking” and says the figure is an “extremely robust” estimate of the true cost of fossil fuels. Subsidies must be re-routed from fossils towards clean energy sources, say environmental NGOs.