Energy efficiency

On October, 28 the first in Russia presentation of 5th evaluative report of IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) was discussed in INTERFAX. That event was organized by Climatic Secretariat of the Russian Social Ecological Union and WWF, Russia.

Mass media all over the world are filled with news that the rate of СО2 in the atmosphere has reached its historical maximum. 97% of global research proves that mankind is to blame for the irreversible climate change, Guardian has reported recently. Environmental NGOs believe that urgent abandonment of fossil fuel in favor of renewable power and energy efficiency can mitigate the consequences of the climate change.

At a meeting with Deputy Prime Ministers, Chairman of the Russian Government Dmitry Medvedev, restated the commitment to promote ‘new’ energy again. According to Medvedev, “without due attention to the ‘new’ energy we will be hostages of the existing hydrocarbon model.” It is hard to argue with this, but it is not just outside circumstances but also ‘inner’ strife of market participants that hinder the promotion of the energy alternative in Russia.

On 11 April, a round table "The practice of improving energy efficiency in residential buildings" took place in Kolpino, a St.Petersburg suburb. Its participants discussed options for renovation of old buildings and construction of new ones in the context of energy efficient solutions. Such reconstruction can reduce heat losses by 3 to 7 times. This supports the slogan of the Russian Socio-Ecological Union campaign: "Energy efficiency is the biggest, cheapest and most clean source of energy in Russia."

Renewable energy sources will take advantage, despite the fact that their starting base is insufficient. This is the opinion from the Energy Outlook 2030 report prepared by the British Petroleum oil company. Representatives of non-governmental environmental organizations are sure that the nature of consumption and the ratio of energy sources in the global energy sector are changing in such a way that representatives of “traditional” energy can no longer ignore this fact.

In 2011, investments in the renewable energy amounted to the record $257 bln, UN report says. - Renewable energy gets cheaper and cheaper, experts from International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) claim. In Russia share of renewable energy is still less then 1 %.

Ecologists acknowledged the Olympic Games in London as the “greenest” in the Olympic history. Organizers of the London-2012 Olympics achieved the best successes in reduction of the carbon dioxide (СО2) emission. Is there any chance that Sochi would overcome London by this index?

The International Energy Agency has released a new report World Energy Outlook 2011 on the evaluation of the realities and prospects of world energy. Russia has once again taken its place in the energy "crowd": no hopes, no expectations.

The Energy Industry Expo 2011 Forum held in Yekaterinburg witnessed the concept of distributed energy system in the Sverdlovsk region. Representatives of regional authorities and of environmental organizations are sure that distributed network and renewable energy shall replace the excessively centralized energy system in the Urals.

Worldwide, the problem of reducing greenhouse gas emissions is solved by fast growth of renewable energy. Transport is responsible for almost one third of global greenhouse gases emissions. However, the use of RE in autonomous vehicles is a technical challenge. Therefore, all the more surprising is the progress that was demonstrated in recent years. The year 2011 marked ten years of successful commercial navigation of the world biggest solar-powered catamaran MobiCat. Russia lags behind in this matter, and it is necessary to pay special attention to transport sector in development programmes for RE.

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