Countering climatic nervousness
The recent cataclysms in the south of Russia happened to be the most powerful in the entire history of observation. Total volume of one-day precipitations amounted to a monthly volume of precipitations in Thailand famous for its rainfall seasons. The majority of experts link the situation with the process of current global climate changes.
Scholars of the entire world have been looking for answers to the question where and what catastrophes are to be expected. In the last 100 years, the average annual temperature of the planet grew up by 0.74 ºС and in Russia by 1 ºС; that said, in the decade of 1990 – 2000, the growth amounted to 0.4 ºС, according to the conclusions of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the most influential international organization in the field of climate. The majority of scholars agree that the rate of natural cataclysms occurrences will grow.
Director of the Roshydromet Main Geophysical Laboratory Vladimir Katsov shares the opinion of scholars. Agreements between the computer models and realities of life show that extreme leaps, a kind of climatic “nervousness,” will mature in many areas of the world. The things that were seen as unusual and anomalous will, most likely, happen more and more frequently, and all countries should be getting ready to this very seriously, Katsov stressed.
British and American scholars-climatologists established an international alliance targeted at studying weather cataclysms which could be referred at the account of the global warming. In their opinion, we cannot just say nowadays that weather cataclysms merely “correspond” to the climate changes. Human beings have contributed to this…
What had caused the July rains in Kuban? By the opinion of Senior Specialist of the Moscow Meteorological Bureau Tatyana Pozdnyakova, anomalies were related with the global warming, Komsomolskaya Pravda reported. Roshydromet employees made estimations of how Russia’s climate will be changing in connections with the global warming. It will become less hot and more wet and humid in the Southern Federal District; this is exactly what we see in reality. In the recent times, the weather at the Black Sea resorts is often colder than the climatic norm is, and there are more precipitations than usual.
By Roshydromet data, up until 2015, the amount of hazardous weather shocks in the territory of Russia will double. This means that in the best case, Russia’s losses will be barely compensated by the GDP growth;, more likely, they will get bigger. The potential impact of the climatic changes on the Russian economy could cause 2- 5% reduction of the Gross Domestic Product. Experts believe that there are several ways to prevent climatic cataclysms and protect people against disastrous outcomes of climate changes. At the international level, this will require maximal participation of all countries in international activities. At the national level, implementation of sustainable climatic policy will be necessary along with development of plans and programs for adaptation of each region to the climate changes. Scholars should come up with more detailed and accurate mathematical modeling of the situation in the regions where tornados, floods, fires and other natural cataclysms could be expected.