Position of Russian NGO's was presented at the UN Climate negotiations in Cancun
Position of the Russian environmental NGOs was presented at the UN Conference on Climate Change COP 16 in Cancún during the workshop "The Role of Russia and the position of climate observers." Also, presented was the booklet "Climate Change and Energy Policy - Position of the Public" released by the Climate Secretariat of the Russian Socio-Ecological Union.
According to representatives of environmental NGOs in Cancún, they are waiting from Russia the statement that its "minus 25%" proposal made in Copenhagen does not include the GHG absorption by forests and any transfers of quotas from 2008 -2012 years. Promoting the uptake of CO2 by forests is very important for Russia, and should be considered separately. In the context of negotiations in Cancún, all countries, including Russia, shall account for actual GHG emissions, as soon as they determine the actions of a country on the path to a low-carbon economy.
Environmentalists expressed solidarity with their international counterparts in the negative opinion about the possible plans for the transfer of quotas for greenhouse gases, left over from 2008 - 2012 period, for the future periods. If we were talking about the second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, the issue of transfer has already been solved, and the restrictions can only apply to transfers from the second to subsequent periods. However, since Russia is against participation in the second commitment period, then the question becomes meaningless, and its discussion only harms the image of the country. Emissions reductions in 1990-2012 should always be considered as the contribution of the country in the global action, as a part of a long-term "carbon budget" of Russia for 1990-2050, and a part of its long way of decarbonization of its economy. Environmental groups called on Russia to declare a moratorium on the sale of 6 billion tonnes of "the Kyoto period" quotas until at least 2020.
Russian NGOs call not to include nuclear power in the climate mechanisms. They give evidence that this kind of energy is not only dangerous, but also impractical to solve climate problems - it is by several times more expensive than other energy sources, takes too much time, and can not make any considerable contribution in the energy balance. A day before a representative of women's organizations made similar statement to the participants of the UN Conference on Climate Change. NGO observers at COP 16 are calling to rely upon a more efficient, cheap and safe renewable energy, which has huge potential in Russia and in the world.
In addition, representatives of Russian NGOs are convinced that Russia shall pay more attention and care to the Kyoto Protocol, and the Russia's official delegation should not block it, but prepare for entry into the second period of an international agreement and act constructively.