Waiting for action from politicians
Global leaders explain their inability to respond to the problem of global warming by economic interests. These excuses have no grounds: scientists concluded that the slowdown of the global economy due to climate change and dependence on fossil fuels has already caused losses of 1.6% of the global GDP, or $ 1.2 trillion a year. The deficit of real action can double this number by 2030 At the start of International UN Climate Conference in Doha (Qatar), politicians are expected to take real action.
The expert organization DARA has prepared the report "Climate Vulnerability Monitor: A Guide to the Cold Calculus of a Hot Planet"
The report says: "By 2030, developing countries will lose up to 11% of their GDP due to global warming."
The researchers estimate the vulnerability to climate change for 184 countries. In the end, nearly 170 of the countries were rated as at least "highly vulnerable." Among the most vulnerable countries were, for example, Afghanistan, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan, and the least vulnerable were the countries of continental Europe, the UK, Japan and New Zealand.
Tajikistan was rated as being very highly vulnerable; Kazakhstan was in the group of countries with the highest level of risk. Russia, along with Belarus, Ukraine and most of its CIS neighbors, was in a group of high risk. Though researchers have noted that adaptation must be part of any strategy on climate change, they warn that "treating only the symptoms and not the causes of the climate crisis can lead to serious economic losses to the global economy."
According to the DARA report, in addition to economic losses associated with extreme weather events, desertification, reduced agricultural productivity, and other factors, the effects of climate change also take away lives of people. Hunger, pollution and disease, exacerbated by climate change and unsustainable development of economy based on fossil fuels, kills today about 5 million people. By 2030, this figure could rise to 6 million people a year, with more than 99% of the "climate" deaths occurring in developing countries.
The total direct damage to the world economy caused by climate change is now estimated at about $ 150 billion, and industrialized countries account for more than half of these losses.
The Bangladesh Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina, who now chairs the Climate Vulnerable Forum, explains the impact of climate change on the example of his country: "Increasing global temperature by 1 degree reduces crop yields by 10%. For Bangladesh, this is equivalent to a loss of 4 million tons of grain, which cost $ 2.5 billion."
Jose Maria Figueres, the DARA curator, and the former president of Costa Rica, writes on the online forum of the organization: "Governments and international organizations shall act decisively to combat the growing damage to the national and global GDP caused by inaction on climate change. The report shows that this inaction has caused unprecedented economic losses and threatens lives of people all around the world. The DARA Report is another one of the numerous signals to world leaders: it's time to stop exercise in political rhetoric, and go into action!"