COP18 opened in Doha
Qatar, rich in oil and gas, is the country with the biggest per capita GHG emissions in the world. The conference’s president Abdullah bin Hamad al-Attiyah was awarded the “oil executive of the year” award back in 2007. As if to trying to top this, he just made an announcement proclaiming shale gas exraction growth as “good news for the world”.
Several resource saving technologies are implemented at the conference. For example, the PaperSmart project will allow the participants to print out specific documents of their interest instead of receiving heavy piles of paper docs every single day. This is supposed to drastically reduce paper consumption at the COP. Around 12% of the electricity used at the conference center comes from solar energy. But can these and a few more positive examples create a more favorable atmosphere at the negotiations?
One of the main points of CAN-international NGO network at climate negotiations is to push for the increase of short-term goals to reduce GHG emissions and the preparation of a clear pathway towards 2015, the year a fair, ambitious and binding agreement is supposed to be adopted. CAN calls for the abolition of fake emissions reduction schemes by reducing the transfer of AAUs and perfecting the existing rules of flexible mechanisms of the KP, such as CDM and JI projects. According to CAN, absolutely all of the countries, even those who are not parties of the Kyoto Protocol, must commit to reducing emissions. There has to be an agreement that the global emissions must peak in 2015. This means that developed countries need to reduce their emissions at a faster rate as well as provide sufficient support to developing countries to reduce the emissions of the latter. Developed countries should commit to supply a governmental financing package for the years 2013-2015 to ensure sufficient and timely filling of the Green climate fund.
Russian NGOs prepared their own position in the run-up to COP18 where they call upon the Russian delegation to use every effort to ensure the adaptation of necessary decision that will bring about the overall legally binding agreement that needs to be finalized by the end of 2015. The agreement should ensure that the existing anthropogenic emissions growth is stopped not later than 2020. It must correspond to the strategic goal of cutting the emissions by 50% from the 1990 level by 2050. The developed countries should reduce their emissions by at least 80%.NGOs believe that the amendment to the Kyoto Protocol that regulates its second commitment period should be supported. Russia should join Kyoto2 to safeguard the future of its JI projects.
NGOs also call upon the Russian delegation to direct a proposal concerning the development and adaptation by UNFCCC of a Green investment scheme aimed at the protection of all types of forests and wetlands.
Representatives of RSEU’s Climate Secretariat take part in the Doha conference as public observers.
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